I. Our Common Vision
1. We, the heads of State and Government and high level representatives, having met at Rio
de Janeiro, Brazil, from 20-22 June 2012, with full participation of civil society, renew our
commitment to sustainable development, and to ensure the promotion of economically,
socially and environmentally sustainable future for our planet and for present and future
2. Eradicating poverty is the greatest global challenge facing the world today and an
indispensable requirement for sustainable development. In this regard we are committed to
free humanity from poverty and hunger as a matter of urgency.
3. We therefore acknowledge the need to further mainstream sustainable development at all
levels integrating economic, social and environmental aspects and recognizing their
interlinkages, so as to achieve sustainable development in all its dimensions.
4. We recognize that poverty eradication, changing unsustainable and promoting sustainable
patterns of consumption and production, and protecting and managing the natural resource
base of economic and social development are the overarching objectives of and essential
requirements for sustainable development. We also reaffirm the need to achieve sustainable
development by: promoting sustained, inclusive and equitable economic growth, creating
greater opportunities for all, reducing inequalities, raising basic standards of living; fostering
equitable social development and inclusion; and promoting integrated and sustainable
management of natural resources and ecosystems that supports inter alia economic, social and
human development while facilitating ecosystem conservation, regeneration and restoration
and resilience in the face of new and emerging challenges.
5. We reaffirm our commitment to making every effort to accelerate the achievement of the
internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals
(MDGs) by 2015.
6. We recognize that people are at the center of sustainable development and in this regard,
we strive for a world which is just, equitable and inclusive, and we commit to work together
to promote sustained and inclusive economic growth, social development, environmental
protection and thereby to benefit all.
7. We reaffirm that we continue to be guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of
the United Nations, and with full respect for international law and its principles.
8. We also reaffirm the importance of freedom, peace and security, respect for all human
rights, including the right to development and the right to an adequate standard of living,
including the right to food, the rule of law, gender equality and women’s empowerment and
the overall commitment to just and democratic societies for development.
9. We reaffirm the importance of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as other
international instruments relating to human rights and international law. We emphasize the
responsibilities of all States, in conformity with the Charter of the United Nations, to respect,
protect and promote human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, without distinction of
any kind to race, colour, sex, language or religion, political or other opinion, national or social
origin, property, birth, disability or other status.
10. We acknowledge that democracy, good governance and the rule of law, at the national and
international levels, as well as an enabling environment are essential for sustainable
development, including sustained and inclusive economic growth, social development,
environmental protection and the eradication of poverty and hunger. We reaffirm that to
achieve our sustainable development goals. We need institutions at all levels that are
effective, transparent, accountable and democratic.
11. We reaffirm our commitment to strengthening international cooperation to address the
persistent challenges related to sustainable development for all, in particular in developing
countries. In this regard, we reaffirm the need to achieve economic stability and sustained
economic growth, promotion of social equity, and protection of the environment, while
enhancing gender equality and women’s empowerment, and equal opportunities for all, and
the protection, survival and development of children to their full potential, including through
12. We resolve to take urgent action to achieve sustainable development. We therefore renew
our commitment to sustainable development, assessing the progress to date and the remaining
gaps in the implementation of the outcomes of the major summits on sustainable development
and addressing new and emerging challenges. We express our determination to address the
themes of the Conference, namely a green economy in the context of sustainable development
and poverty eradication, and the institutional framework for sustainable development.
13. We recognize that people’s opportunities to influence their lives and future, participate in
decision making and voice their concerns are fundamental for sustainable development. We
underscore that sustainable development requires concrete and urgent action. It can only be
achieved with a broad alliance of people, governments, civil society and private sector, all
working together to secure the future we want for present and future generations.
III. Green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication
56. We affirm that there are different approaches, visions, models and tools available to each
country, in accordance with its national circumstances and priorities, to achieve sustainable
development in its three dimensions which is our overarching goal. In this regard, we
consider green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication as
one of the important tools available for achieving sustainable development and that it could
provide options for policy making but should not be a rigid set of rules. We emphasize that it
should contribute to eradicating poverty as well as sustained economic growth, enhancing
social inclusion, improving human welfare and creating opportunities for employment and
decent work for all, while maintaining the healthy functioning of the Earth’s ecosystems.
57. We affirm that policies for green economy in the context of sustainable development and
poverty eradication should be guided by and in accordance with all the Rio principles,
Agenda 21 and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation and contribute towards achieving
relevant internationally agreed development goals including the MDGs.
58. We affirm that green economy policies in the context of sustainable development and
poverty eradication should:
(a) be consistent with international law;
(b) respect each country’s national sovereignty over their natural resources taking into
account its national circumstances, objectives, responsibilities, priorities and policy
space with regard to the three dimensions of sustainable development;
(c) be supported by an enabling environment and well-functioning institutions at all
levels with a leading role for governments and with the participation of all relevant
stakeholders, including civil society;
(d) promote sustained and inclusive economic growth, foster innovation and provide
opportunities, benefits and empowerment for all and respect of all human rights;
(e) take into account the needs of developing countries, particularly those in special
(f) strengthen international cooperation, including the provision of financial resources,
capacity building and technology transfer to developing countries;
(g) effectively avoid unwarranted conditionalities on ODA and finance;
(h) not constitute a means of arbitrary or unjustifiable discrimination or a disguised
restriction on international trade, avoid unilateral actions to deal with environmental
challenges outside the jurisdiction of the importing country, and ensure that
environmental measures addressing trans-boundary or global environmental problems,
as far as possible, are based on an international consensus;
(i) contribute to closing technology gaps between developed and developing countries
and reduce the technological dependence of developing countries using all appropriate
(j) enhance the welfare of indigenous peoples and their communities, other local and
traditional communities, and ethnic minorities, recognizing and supporting their
identity, culture and interests and avoid endangering their cultural heritage, practices
and traditional knowledge, preserving and respecting non-market approaches that
contribute to the eradication of poverty;
(k) enhance the welfare of women, children, youth, persons with disabilities,
smallholder and subsistence farmers, fishers and those working in small and medium
enterprises, and improve the livelihoods and empowerment of the poor and vulnerable
groups in particular in developing countries;
(l) mobilize the full potential and ensure equal contribution of both women and men;
(m) promote productive activities in developing countries that contribute to the
eradication of poverty;
(n) address the concern about inequalities and promote social inclusion, including
social protection floors;
(o) promote sustainable consumption and production patterns; and
(p) continue efforts to strive for inclusive, equitable development approaches to
overcome poverty and inequality.
59. We view the implementation of green economy policies by countries that seek to apply
them for the transition towards sustainable development as a common undertaking, and we
recognize that each country can choose an appropriate approach in accordance with national
sustainable development plans, strategies and priorities.
60. We acknowledge that green economy in the context of sustainable development and
poverty eradication will enhance our ability to manage natural resources sustainably and with
lower negative environmental impacts, increase resource efficiency and reduce waste.
61. We recognize that urgent action on unsustainable patterns of production and consumption
where they occur remains fundamental in addressing environmental sustainability, and
promoting conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystems, regeneration of
natural resources, and the promotion of sustained, inclusive and equitable global growth.
62. We encourage each country to consider the implementation of green economy policies in
the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication, in a manner that endeavours
to drive sustained, inclusive and equitable economic growth and job creation, particularly for
women, youth and the poor. In this respect, we note the importance of ensuring that workers
are equipped with the necessary skills, including through education and capacity building, and
are provided with the necessary social and health protections. In this regard, we encourage all
stakeholders, including business and industry to contribute, as appropriate. We invite
governments to improve knowledge and statistical capacity on job trends, developments and
constraints and integrate relevant data into national statistics, with the support of relevant UN
agencies within their mandates.
63. We recognise the importance of the evaluation of the range of social, environmental and
economic factors and encourage, where national circumstances and conditions allow, their
integration into decision making. We acknowledge that it will be important to take into
account the opportunities and challenges, as well as the costs and benefits of green economy
policies in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication, using the best
available scientific data and analysis. We acknowledge that a mix of measures, including
regulatory, voluntary and others applied at the national level and consistent with obligations
under international agreements, could promote green economy in the context of sustainable
development and poverty eradication. We reaffirm that social policies are vital to promoting
64. We acknowledge that involvement of all stakeholders and their partnerships, networking
and experience sharing at all levels could help countries to learn from one another in
identifying appropriate sustainable development policies, including green economy policies.
We note the positive experiences in some countries, including in developing countries, in
adopting green economy policies in the context of sustainable development and poverty
eradication through an inclusive approach and welcome the voluntary exchange of
experiences as well as capacity building in the different areas of sustainable development.
65. We recognize the power of communications technologies, including connection
technologies and innovative applications to promote knowledge exchange, technical
cooperation and capacity building for sustainable development. These technologies and
applications can build capacity and enable the sharing of experiences and knowledge in the
different areas of sustainable development in an open and transparent manner.
66. Recognizing the importance of linking financing, technology, capacity building and
national needs for sustainable development policies, including green economy in the context
of sustainable development and poverty eradication, we invite the UN System, in cooperation
with relevant donors and international organizations to coordinate and provide information
upon request on:
(a) matching interested countries with the partners best suited to provide requested
(b) toolboxes and/or best practices in applying policies on green economy in the
context of sustainable development and poverty eradication at all levels;
(c) models or good examples of policies of green economy in the context of
sustainable development and poverty eradication;
(d) methodologies for evaluation of policies of green economy in the context of
sustainable development and poverty eradication;
(e) existing and emerging platforms that contribute in this regard.
67. We underscore the importance of governments taking a leadership role in developing
policies and strategies through an inclusive and transparent process. We also take note of the
efforts of those countries, including developing countries, that have already initiated
processes to prepare national green economy strategies and policies in support of sustainable
68. We invite relevant stakeholders, including the UN Regional Commissions, UN
organizations and bodies, other relevant intergovernmental and regional organizations,
international financial institutions and major groups involved in sustainable development,
according to their respective mandates, to support developing countries upon request to
achieve sustainable development, including through, inter alia, green economy policies in the
context of sustainable development and poverty eradication, in particular in least developed
69. We also invite business and industry as appropriate and in accordance with national
legislation to contribute to sustainable development and to develop sustainability strategies
that integrate, inter alia, green economy policies.
70. We acknowledge the role of cooperatives and microenterprises in contributing to social
inclusion and poverty reduction in particular in developing countries.
71. We encourage existing and new partnerships, including public-private partnerships, to
mobilize public financing complemented by the private sector, taking into account the
interests of local and indigenous communities when appropriate. In this regard, governments
should support initiatives for sustainable development, including promoting the contribution
of the private sector to support green economy policies in the context of sustainable
development and poverty eradication.
72. We recognize the critical role of technology as well as the importance of promoting
innovation, in particular in developing countries. We invite governments, as appropriate, to
create enabling frameworks that foster environmentally sound technology, research and
development, and innovation, including in support of green economy in the context of
sustainable development and poverty eradication.
73. We emphasize the importance of technology transfer to developing countries and recall
the provisions on technology transfer, finance, access to information, and intellectual property
rights as agreed in the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation, in particular its call to promote,
facilitate and finance, as appropriate, access to and the development, transfer and diffusion of
environmentally sound technologies and corresponding know-how, in particular to
developing countries, on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms,
as mutually agreed. We also take note of the further evolution of discussions and agreements
on these issues since the JPOI.
74. We recognize that the efforts of developing countries that choose to implement green
economy policies in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication should be
supported through technical and technological assistance.